Keloids are benign growths that occur as a result of trauma and injury to the skin. This trauma and injury can be in the form of a surgical incision or from something as minimal as a pimple. Keloids can occur in anyone but are observed more frequently in individuals of African, Hispanic and Asian descent. Keloids represent a significant clinical problem, especially in black populations where the incidence of keloids has been estimated at 4-16%. Keloids are not only a cosmetic concern; 80 percent of patients experience itching, pain and tenderness. Keloids are most commonly located on the chest, shoulders, back, and earlobes. The diagnosis of keloids is fairly straight forward and is usually made based on physical exam findings.
What is Central Centrifugal Cicatricial Alopecia (CCCA)?
Hair loss is a common complaint for African American women. Numerous studies have shown that certain scalp disorders are more common in African Americans, especially African American women.
Central Centrifugal Cicatricial Alopecia (CCCA) is a progressive and dramatic form of scarring alopecia that occurs almost exclusively in African American women. It is unusual for men to develop CCCA.
People with skin of color make up a broad range of ethnic groups and races; they include Africans, African Americans, Asians, Native Americans and Hispanics. Analysis of population-based statistics indicates a shift in the nation's demographics; the U.S census bureau predicts that ethnic minorities will represent more than one-half of the U.S. population by the year 2050. This shift in demographics indicates the need for a more comprehensive understanding of skin disorders more common, unique, or that have a distinct presentation in individuals with skin of color.